• 项目时间

     

    2018 · 秋季项目:10月20日 - 2月24日

    申请已截止

     

    2019 · 春季项目:3月1日 - 6月15日

    申请截止日期:2月24日

     

    2019 · 夏季项目:7月12日 - 9月30日

    申请截止日期:6月21日

  • 2018年研究课题

    本期课程有以下研究方向供参考。在你的研究论文中,你须选择一个议题,阐述、捍卫你的立场。特殊情况下,学生也可以调整以下课题方向,或选择国际关系中的其他议题(在导师认可且议题值得讨论的前提下)。如果学生驳斥某论点(比如,批判国际货币基金组织,或论证伊朗拥核是种威胁),学生须列举一个或多个解决对策。

  • 环境工程学

    行为经济学

    国际政治学

  • James J. Truncer

    环境工程学

    1. Oceans are absorbing increasing amounts of carbon dioxide and are becoming more acidic. How will this affect marine ecosystems and thus human society? What policies might be implemented to make the public more aware of this looming environmental crisis and what incentives would encourage governments to take action?

    现今,海洋吸收的二氧化碳越来越多,其酸性也越来越高。这将如何影响海洋生态系统,从而影响人类社会?可以通过实施哪些政策提高公众的环境危机意识?有哪些因素能够激励政府对此采取措施?

     

    2. The recent tremendous growth of urban areas has created a multitude of environmental problems and challenges. Choose one area of urban design that can improve the urban environment – what costs and benefits are involved?

    近期城市地区的巨大增长造成了大量的环境问题和挑战。请选择一个可以改善城市环境的设计- 这一设计会带来哪些成本和收益?

     

    3. How can cities and their infrastructure be designed for the predicted changes in climate? Provide specific examples in your response.

    城市及其基础设施应如何设计以应对可预测的气候变化?请在你的回答中提供具体的例子。

     

    4. Are the economic benefits of dam building worth the environmental costs?

    大坝建设的经济效益是否能抵消其带来的环境成本?

     

    5. What are the latest advances in hydroponic and vertical farming? Are these the food production methods of the future? What are the costs?

    水耕法和垂直农业的最新进展是什么?这些农业生产方式将会是未来的主要农业生产方式吗?它们的成本是多少?

     

    6. What advantages does organic farming have over conventional farming? Can organic farms compete with conventional farms in feeding the world?

    有机农业跟常规农业相比有什么优势?从世界范围的食品供应角度来看,有机农场能与传统农场相匹敌吗?

     

    7. Are genetically modified organisms (GMOs) significantly different from the variation produced through more traditional methods of cross-breeding and the creation of hybrids?

    转基因生物(GMO)是否与传统交叉繁殖法和杂交法创造的变种有巨大的差异?

     

    8. Sea level rise is expected to impact many coastal cities and islands (e.g. Adaman Islands) in the coming years. What are the advantages or disadvantages of relocating an island settlement or city versus building dikes and protective barriers such as in the case of the Netherlands?

    未来几年,海平面上升预计将影响许多沿海城市和岛屿(例如,阿达曼群岛)。那么迁移岛屿或城市的位置与建设堤坝和防御性屏障(以荷兰为例)相比,前者的优势和劣势分别是什么?

     

    9. Soil erosion is severe in many areas of the world. What farming methods and other activities are creating this erosion? What farming methods can not only reduce soil erosion but build nutrient-rich soil that enhances crop yields and lowers carbon emissions substantially? What policies might encourage soil conservation on farmland?

    世界许多地区的土壤侵蚀问题严重。什么样的农耕方式或活动会造成这种侵蚀?什么样的耕作方法可以减少土壤侵蚀并帮助形成能够显著提高作物产量、降低碳排放的沃土?什么政策能够有利于推动农田土壤保护?

     

    10. Money and research is now being poured into the technology of self-driving cars. Is maintaining the concept of “car” an efficient means of transportation, or are there better, more sustainable systems for the movement of people?

    现今,大量的资金和研究资源正在涌入自动驾驶技术的市场。“汽车”这一概念还是一种有效的交通工具吗,还是有更好的、可持续的交通系统有待发明?

     

    11. Renewable energy sources are gaining more and more attention, and represent an increasingly larger percentage of energy production. What is the most promising type of renewable energy and why? Can modern society completely convert to renewable energy sources from a largely carbon-based system? What further advances or changes in lifestyle might be required?

    可再生能源越来越受到重视,代表着可再生能源占能源生产的比例越来越大。哪一种可再生能源最有发展前景,为什么?现代社会可以从一个大规模依赖碳能源系统的社会完全转化为可再生能源体系吗?人类的生活方式需要有进一步的改变或提高吗?

     

    12. Most large farms rely on mechanization and need to add massive amounts of artificial fertilizer to produce high crop yields. How did this situation come about, and is this a sustainable practice? What are the carbon costs of such agriculture and are there feasible alternatives?

    大多数大农场依靠机械化,需要增加大量的人造肥料来提供产量。这种情况是如何发生的,这是可持续的做法吗?这种农业方式的碳成本是多少?有其他可行的选择吗?

     

    13. Some architects are now designing “walkable” cities. What does this mean and what are the advantages and disadvantages of such and urban design? Illustrate your response with Examples.

    一些建筑师正在设计“步行”城市。这是什么意思?这类城市设计的优点和缺点是什么?请用具体的例子与以说明。

     

    14. Are United Nations treaties and resolutions an effect means to pass worldwide sustainability measures or is a different system necessary?

    联合国的条约和决议是否能够有效地推广全球可持续性措施?或针对此问题需要另外一个完全不同的系统?

     

    15. Aquaculture, or fish farming, is increasingly providing a major source of food for a growing world population. What forms of aquaculture are most sustainable, and which forms are the least sustainable? Why? Provide specific examples of aquaculture in your analysis.

    农业或水产养殖业为世界不断增加的人口提供了主要的食物来源。什么形式的农业模式是最可持续的,哪些形式是最不可持续的?为什么?请你结合用具体案例和分析进行回答。

     

    16. Can sustainable practices be successfully incorporated into current business models? If not, what might need to change in order to create a better fit?

    可持续发展做法能否成功纳入现有的商业模式?如果不行,需要如何进行调整来实现更好的融合呢?

  • Edoardo Gallo

    行为经济学

    1. What behavioral principles should be used to design a pension scheme?

    哪些行为原则能用于设计养老金计划?

     

    2. What type of policies mitigate the bad consequences of unemployment?

    哪些政策能减缓失业的负面影响?

     

    3. Design an insurance policy that is going to attract consumers by exploiting psychological biases.

    设计一个能利用心理偏见来吸引消费者的保险政策。

     

    4. Humans are prone to errors when making decisions under uncertainty. How can modern technology reduce these errors?

    在不确定情况下,人们常常决策失误。现代科技能减少失误吗?

     

    5. Pollution is a problem affecting most large metropolitan areas. How may insights from psychology inform urban policy to decrease pollution?

    环境污染问题影响了大部分城市。心理学上的发现如何影响城市规划政策,以减少污染?

     

    6. Top students from disadvantaged backgrounds often do not apply to the best universities. What are the potential reasons and what kind of actions can be taken to change this?

    来自弱势背景的顶尖学生往往申请不到最好的学校,其可能原因是什么?如何改变这种现象?

     

    7. Doctors routinely make recommendations that may have life/death implications for their patients. How can biases in decision-making affect their advice?

    医生定期给病人们提出生死攸关的建议。决策中的偏见将如何影响他们的建议?

     

    8. How can we increase the rate at which individuals recycle?

    我们如何提高个人循环利用资源的比例?

     

    9. Describe how psychological biases may affect judicial decisions and propose policy changes to minimize their negative impact.

    描述心理偏见如何影响司法判决,并提出政策改变以减少其负面影响。

     

    10. Delays in paying income tax lead to significant financial losses from governments. What design changes could be made to tax collection policy to minimize these delays?

    延迟缴纳所得税会导致政府大量的财政损失。为减少这些延误,可以对税收征收政策进行哪些设计变更?

     

    11. Buying a house is an infrequent transaction with large financial consequences. In what ways can a prospective house buyer or seller avoid mistakes due to psychological biases?

    买房子是一种不频繁的交易,会带来巨大的经济影响。潜在的购房者或卖家在哪些方面可以避免因心理偏差而犯的错误?

     

    12. A new type of fertilizer has been invented that increases crop yields by 300%. Nevertheless, farmers are not adopting it. What could be the reasons and what policies can be implemented to increase takeup?

    有一种新化肥能使农作物增产三倍,但农民拒绝使用。这有哪些可能原因?有什么政策可以使新化肥得到普及?

     

    13. A major supermarket chain has hired you as a consultant to apply behavioral principles to improve their sales. Write a report with your recommendations.

    一家大型连锁超市聘请你作为顾问,运用行为原则来改善他们的销售。用你的建议写一份报告。

     

    14. You are a financial advisor for a wealthy individual. Come up with an investment strategy that avoids pitfalls from biases in decision making.

    设想你是一个富人的财务顾问。制定一个投资策略,避免在决策过程中出现失误。

     

    15. Develop an idea for a phone app that uses insights from behavioral economics to improve an individual's health.

    设计开发一个手机应用程序,利用行为经济学的观点来改善个人健康。

     

     

  • David Rezvani

    国际政治学

    1. What is the greatest challenge to China's "One Belt, One Road" project and how can it be overcome?

    中国“一带一路”项目的最大挑战是什么?如何克服?

     

    2. Should other countries be happy or worried about the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)?

    各国应该欢迎还是担心亚洲基础设施投资银行?

     

    3. Unlike the countries of Europe, why is there no East Asian Union?

    东亚各国为什么没有像欧洲国家那样形成一个类似欧盟的“东亚盟”?

     

    4. What were the most effective governmental responses to the East Asian financial crisis?

    政府如何最有效地应对东亚经济危机?

     

    5. What is the best type of free trade agreement for Asia?

    最适合亚洲的自由贸易协定是什么样的?

     

    6. Should Catalonia become independent from Spain?

    加泰罗尼亚应该从西班牙中独立出来吗?

     

    7. In light of the US financial crisis in Puerto Rico, what is the best status option for the territory?

    波多黎各如何应对美国经济危机?

     

    8. Is it good or bad for countries (like the United Kingdom) to be a part of the European Union?

    成为欧盟一员对于一些国家(比如英国)来说是好是坏?

     

    9. What political outcome has the best chance at resolving the Israeli-Palestinian conflict?

    什么样的政治结果能够最有效地解决巴以冲突?

     

    10. In light of the massive flow of refugees from places like the Middle East to Europe, is international migration bad for host countries?

    鉴于大量难民从中东等地区涌入欧洲,国际移民对东道国来说是不利的吗?

     

    11. Should the international community prohibit Iran from obtaining nuclear weapons?

    国际社会是否应该阻止伊朗获得核武器?

     

    12. Is global poverty better reduced through free trade or international aid?

    全球贫困状况是通过自由贸易还是国际援助能得到更好的改善?

     

    13. Does humanitarian disaster justify military intervention?

    人道主义灾难是否证明军事干预是正当行为?

     

    14. Is the balance of power still relevant in modern international politics?

    权力平衡的概念始终和现代国际政治相关吗?

     

    15. What should countries do to reduce problems from weak and failed states?

    各个国家应该怎么样做才能帮助减少弱国出现的一些问题?

     

    16. Was it a right choice for America and its allies to have invaded Libya?

    入侵利比亚对于美国及其盟国而言是正确的选择吗?

     

    17. What role should countries play in their policy toward Syria?

    各国在针对叙利亚的政策上应扮演什么样的角色/发挥什么样的作用?

     

    18. What policy should America adopt toward ISIS?

    针对ISIS(伊斯兰国),美国应采取什么样的政策?

     

    19. What strategy should the US adopt for managing its relations with Russia?

    美国在处理和俄国的关系上应该采取怎样的策略?